Dishwasher Low Water Level – What To Check

Our new Whirlpool dishwasher is not getting enough water to clean the dishes properly. The water pressure is either too low or it is simply not getting enough water. The dishes on the top rack seem to not even have any water cleaning them as they are just as dirty as when they were put in. We just installed this dishwasher ourselves about a week ago. Could an improper installation have something to do with it? Could the water pressure be too low? What would cause this? Is it possible we installed the dishwasher incorrectly? Do you have any suggestions about what we should check?

dishwasher low water level

If you have just recently installed your dishwasher, then we have a few reasons that may be the problem for low water pressure (or not enough water) in your dishwasher.

Possible (Low Water Level) Reason #1
When you installed your dishwasher you had to turn off the water shut off valve that is under your sink. It may be possible that you have forgotten to fully open the shut off valve. Check to be sure that the shut off valve is fully open. The shut off valve could also be clogged or not working properly. Check to be sure the valve is open and not clogged.

Dishwasher Not Filling With Water Properly

Possible (Low Water) Reason #2
The dishwasher drain hose may not have a loop in it. The fill water may be draining out of the dishwasher by going straight out the drain hose. Be sure that your drain hose is not simply laying straight. It must have a loop in it or be off the ground so the fill water (dishwasher cleaning water) is not gravity fed out via the drain hose.

Possible (Low Water) Reason #3
Empty the dishwasher, set it to run a wash cycle. Let it fill with water as normal. When the dishwasher begins the cycle, open the door and see where the water level is at. The water level SHOULD be just under the heating elements. If the water level is below the heating elements, fill a small bucket with water and manually fill up the dishwasher water level to just below the heating elements. Now shut the door and let it run. If the top rack is now getting water to it, then yes you are not getting enough water to your dishwasher. You should have a 3/8 water line going to your dishwasher. This line is what supplies water to your dishwasher. There may be a clog in your water fill line or water inlet fill valve. Remove the fill line where it attaches to the fill valve. Check to be sure there is nothing clogging the screen on the inlet fill valve. At this time also check the water fill line for blockage. During install something may have fallen down and is blocking the water from flowing properly.

Possible (Low Water) Reason #4
The dishwasher has a water level switch (aka overfill switch). This switch is usually on a simple float that sits at the very bottom of your dishwasher. Locate the float switch in your dishwasher and be sure nothing is preventing it from moving up and down freely. You can take the bottom service panel off and see the bottom portion of the plastic float. The bottom of the float pushes down on a small microswitch telling the dishwasher when to stop water flow. Be sure that the microswitch is not bent or out of place.

dishwasher float switch

Possible (Low Water) Reason #5
The water inlet fill valve inside your dishwasher may not be working properly. You can test it using a multimeter. Even though the dishwasher is new, it is not out of the question that the inlet fill valve is defective.

Dishwasher Water Inlet Valve Testing

Possible (Low Water) Reason #6
Your home may normally have low water pressure. If this is the case, you may need to install a special low water pressure fill valve on your new dishwasher. You can test the water pressure in your home with a gauge. The average home has a water pressure from 20-120 PSIG.

Possible (Low Water) Reason #7
You may also want to check other components in your dishwasher to be sure there is nothing else that could be causing the low water issue. Also check under the sink for a possible kinked or restricted water line or hose.

The troubleshooting methods above will work on all types of dishwashers including Kitchenaid, Frigidaire, LG, GE, Whirlpool, Bosch, Amana, Kenmore, Samsung, and Maytag.

NOTE: Always think safety and disconnect power when working on appliances.

Do you know of another reason a dishwasher would have low water pressure? Please leave a comment below.

ALLEN VETTER - DIY Repair Assistant
Allen is a Home Maintenance/Appliance tech and the author/creator of this website. He has 30 years of experience troubleshooting and repairing all types of machinery. Contact here

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